Common Dog Health Problems & How To Treat Them

2017-06-28 | Care & Safety

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Dogs and humans have a wonderfully unique relationship with one another, and they truly are man’s best friend. Whether you have a pet dog for companionship, a guide dog to help you live more independently with sight problems, or your job involves you working with trained dogs, i.e. police or security dogs, you’ll likely build a special bond with your canine pals.

 

Unfortunately, as with every other species of creature on the planet, dogs are susceptible to a wide variety of health problems; and although they try their best to communicate with us, they can’t tell us what’s wrong with them. As dog owners and handlers it’s important to take care of your dog’s health and to look out for any unusual symptoms or behaviours in order to identify when they are suffering with a particular health concern.

 

We've broken this resource down into several categories; click on the links below to jump straight to each one:

 

Skin Problems

Dental Problems

Digestive Problems

Other Conditions

 

Labradors

 

 



How to tell if your dog is sick

This comprehensive list of common dog health issues will help to give you a better idea of what might be wrong with your dog, as well as cluing you in on the signs and symptoms you should be looking out for in the future.*

 

*Disclaimer: The Animal Health Company are not veterinary professionals, and this article is not designed to replace the thorough investigation, diagnosis, and treatment that your vet can provide your pet with.

 

1. Skin Problems

 

There are a number of different skin conditions that your dog might be suffering with, and some of the most common symptoms to look out for include itching and scratching, rubbing their face, and licking their paws.

 

Here are some of the most common reasons for itchy skin on dogs...

 

When your dog’s skin lacks moisture it will eventually become dry and very itchy. If you notice that your dog is constantly scratching himself and can’t seem to get any relief, he could have dry skin, caused by a number of things:

 

* A nutrient deficiency in the diet
* Not being groomed often enough
* Bathing too often or too infrequently
* Using the wrong shampoo
* A dry climate i.e. air conditioning
* Side effect of being neutered

 

The good news is that most of these causes of dry skin can be easily rectified. One by one you could begin to make adjustments to your dog’s care, keeping a log of their symptoms to help you identify the cause of their dry skin. For example if you think they may be having a reaction to their current shampoo you can try a different one for a while to see if there’s any change in their condition.

 

You could also begin grooming them more frequently to see if this has an effect, and perhaps introducing a canine moisturiser into their grooming routine; this can provide effective dog itchy skin relief. If you think your dog’s dry skin is caused by their diet you can change their food and introduce skin supplements for dogs which may offer some relief.


1.1. Dandruff

Dog dandruff is medically known as seborrhoea, and typically presents symptoms such as greasy skin, flaky skin, scabs, scales, or pimples. In some cases, dandruff in dogs is genetic and present from birth or a young age; but most commonly dogs will develop seborrhoea as a symptom of another medical problem like a hormonal abnormality or an allergy.

 

It’s always best to take your dog to the vet so that they can carry out a full assessment and identify any underlying medical problems that are causing the dandruff. However, in the meantime you can provide relief to your dog by using a specially formulated canine dandruff shampoo and bathing him every other day for a week or so until his symptoms are under control.


1.2. Yeast infection

Yeast is a fungus that thrives in moist, warm conditions, and can be particularly prevalent during hot and humid weather. If you notice that your dog can’t seem to stop scratching her ears or licking her toes, she may have a yeast infection. The paws and ears provide just the right damp conditions for yeast to thrive, and you can often spot its presence by noting if the skin is discoloured, irritated, or seems to be itchy.

 

Your vet will be able to diagnose a yeast infection easily, and most cases will respond well to a topical cream, oral medication, or medicated baths. A yeast infection can also begin in the digestive tract, so you may wish to add probiotic or oil-based supplements to your dog’s diet as a more preventative measure.


1.3. Mange

Dog mange is a living skin disease caused by microscopic mites, and there are two different varieties of it:

 

1.3.1. Sarcoptic mange

AKA canine scabies, spreads easily among dogs and can even be transmitted to humans, but fortunately the parasites can’t survive on human skin. Symptoms include abrupt and severe itching, red skin, sores, and hair loss, with the face, ears, and legs most commonly affected.

 

1.3.2. Demodectic mange

This occurs in localised and generalised forms, but is not contagious between dogs or people.  Localised mange often occurs in puppies, and symptoms include mild itchiness, mild thinning of fur (mainly on the face), and red, scaly skin. Generalised mange causes larger areas of hair loss on the legs, trunk, and head, plus sores and crusty skin.

If you suspect that your dog has either type of mange you should take them to the vet who will prescribe an effective management plan to treat the cause and ease the symptoms.


1.4. Hot spots

Also known as acute moist dermatitis, hot spots are small areas on your dogs skin that appear red, inflamed, and irritated. They are typically found on the head, chest, or hips, and often feel hot to the touch. Hot spots can be caused by a number of things, including allergies, infections, insect bites, and excessive licking.

 

Treatment can be prescribed by visiting your vet, or by using the right products at home. To begin with you’ll need to soothe the itching to prevent your dog from spreading the problem and making it worse. It’s also recommended to bathe your dog with a medicated shampoo to treat the underlying cause.


Brown dog

 

 

1.5. Skin infection

If your dog is constantly scratching his ears, shaking his head, or holding his head to one side, he may have a bacterial or fungal skin infection.

 

1.5.1. Bacterial infection

Symptoms include pimples, bumps, and open sores on the skin, and you may also notice a yellow or green discharge from the ears. Your dog will likely be licking the affected area constantly, which causes the infection to spread. Bacterial skin infections are typically a secondary condition of allergies, fleas, or mites.

 

1.5.2. Fungal infection

Symptoms include greasy, smelly skin, plus the presence of a brown, waxy discharge from the ears. Fungal (yeast) infections are typically found in moist areas such as the ears, feet, armpits, and skin folds. They are often found in dogs that suffer with allergies, and can occur following antibiotic treatment for other conditions.


1.6. Parasites

External parasites can be transferred to your dog from other dogs and his environment. Once there, they can cause skin irritation which leads to your dog itching and making his skin sore. There are a number of common dog parasites to look out for:


1.7. Fleas

These tiny wingless insects feed on dogs (and other mammals) and their bites can leave your dog’s skin with small, red, itchy bumps, causing him to bite and scratch himself. Fleas are about the size of a sesame seed, and they leave faeces on your dog’s skin that look like poppy seeds. Your dog’s rump and the base of his ears are the most commonly affected areas.


1.8. Ticks

These parasitic creatures can cause a number of diseases in your dog, including Lyme disease and Ehrlichiosis among others. Ticks feed on the blood of mammals and can be seen with the naked eye, soif you spot any you can remove them. Numb the tick with rubbing alcohol then use tweezers to remove it from your dog’s skin, and place it in a container of alcohol for several days before disposing.


1.9. Lice and mites

These microscopic organisms feed on your dog’s skin and cause itching, infection, and hair loss. They are separate parasitic species but they behave in the same way and can be treated in the same way. Mites and lice can cause demodetic mange and scabies in your dog, which will need treating by a vet.

 

As well as treating the symptoms of parasites in dogs with topical treatments, and treating the resulting skin infections with antibiotics and other medication, you can also take preventative measures too. Raw garlic powder added to your dog’s food can help to decrease the likelihood of external parasites feeding on them, making it good dog flea allergy home remedy to try, whilst a topical itch relief for dogs with fleas can be applied to the affected skin to soothe it.


1.10. Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease typically associated with allergies. Dogs can have reactions to a variety of different irritants such as food, grooming products, mould spores, grass, house dust mites, and other environmental allergens. Symptoms of dermatitis include scratching, itching, and licking on any part of the body, but particularly the face, underarms, and paws.

 

To cure your dog’s dermatitis you’ll need to see a vet, but in the meantime you can soothe the discomfort with a shampoo for dogs with itchy skin.


1.11. Ringworm

The name is a little misleading as ringworm is actually caused by a fungus and not a worm. It causes circular lesions to appear on the skin; they can appear anywhere but are most commonly found on the head, ears, paws, and legs. Ringworm is contagious and can spread quickly between dogs; it can also be transferred to humans. Dog fungal infection of the skin is easily treated with anti-fungal medication from your vet.


1.12. Hair loss

All dogs shed their fur, with the quantity shedding dependent upon the breed, environment, and time of year. However, sometimes a dog can shed more hair than normal due to factors such as poor nutrition, stress, or illness. If you notice any patches of missing fur it’s best to take your dog to the vet for diagnosis and treatment.


1.13. Change in colour/texture

If you’ve noticed a change in the colour or texture of your dog’s skin it could be caused by something simple like exposure to the sun or a reaction to some oral or topical medication. However, it could also be a sign of an underlying condition, including:

 

* Hypothyroidism
* Skin cancer
* Cushing’s disease
* Hormonal imbalance
* Allergic reactions
* Skin lesions
* Parasitic infection
* Ageing
* Skin infection

 

Your dog may also present with additional symptoms including hyperactivity, skin itchiness or rashes, visible parasites, or increased thirst and urination; if any of these apply, take your dog to the vet for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

 

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2. Dental Problems

Just like humans, dogs can suffer with a variety of different dental problems. As a dog owner it’s vital that you take measures to keep your dog’s mouth healthy and that you are familiar with the symptoms of some of the most common oral problems in dogs.

 

Dog


 

 

2.1. Loose teeth

Puppies lose their first set of teeth between 4 and 6 months old so loose teeth are to be expected at that age. However, in adult dogs, a loose tooth is a bit more suspect. It is typically caused by trauma to the mouth, gum loss due to periodontal disease, or could also be a sign of illness. Your vet will need to do an x-ray to assess the full situation and decide on the best course of action.


2.2. Malocclusion

This is a misalignment of the upper and lower jaw, and it usually doesn’t pose too much of a problem for a dog. However, if the misaligned bite is particularly extreme your dog may experience problems with eating and drinking, and may experience some pain and discomfort. If this is the case, your vet should be able to realign the teeth and provide relief to your dog.


2.3. Excess plaque/tartar

Plaque and tartar can build up on your dog’s teeth over time, affecting the teeth and the tissue around the teeth. It will appear as brownish coloured deposits on your dog’s teeth; and if not dealt with properly, it can lead to further complications down the line. Specially-designed tooth powder can help to keep your dog’s teeth clean and healthy.


2.4. Periodontal disease

When excess plaque and tartar builds up on your dog’s teeth it can move under the gum line and cause gingivitis, which is evidenced by redness and puffiness in the gums. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontal disease, which causes the gums to recede. Recessed gums can’t do their job of holding teeth in place properly, thus leading to tooth loss. The best line of defence is to establish a good dental care routine at home, coupled with regular dental exams by your vet.


2.5. Broken tooth

Chewing on toys and rawhide can help to promote good oral hygiene by keeping plaque and tartar at bay. However, if your dog chews on something that is too solid he may crack a tooth. When a tooth is cracked it can expose the nerve endings and cause pain and possibly infection. It’s not always possible to monitor your dog constantly, so if he’s got hold of a solid object and bitten down too hard, take him to the vet for a proper assessment of the situation.


2.6. Abscess

When the root of the tooth is exposed to bacteria, e.g. after a breakage, it can become infected, causing an abscess to form. If your dog suddenly has difficulty eating, is tipping his head to one side, or is dropping food, he may have an abscess. It will appear as a swelling, bump, or red and angry area of the gum. An abscess will need to be treated by a vet so get an appointment as soon as you can to avoid prolonging his discomfort.


2.7. Toothache

If you’ve ever experienced toothache yourself, you’ll know how painful it can be. When your dog is suffering with it he can’t tell you what’s causing his pain, but you may notice that he’s having difficulty eating, or he’s fussing over his food. If he’s been experiencing toothache for a while he may even be losing weight, so it’s always best to take him to the vet as soon as you notice anything untoward.


2.8. Halitosis

Bad breath is one of the earliest signs of dog mouth diseases. If she has recently developed breath so bad it almost knocks you out, it’s time to take her to the vet so they can find the cause of it.


2.9. Retained baby teeth

As your young dog loses his baby teeth to make way for adult teeth, some of the baby ones may not fall out as intended. Check your pup’s mouth throughout the teething process for signs of two teeth occupying one spot. If this occurs, your vet will need to intervene to remove the baby tooth.

 

 

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3. Digestive Problems


Dog

 

 

3.1. Vomiting

Your dog may vomit after eating too much food, or if he’s eaten something that doesn’t quite agree with him. However, it can also be a sign of an underlying problem, including:

 

* Bacterial infection in the gastrointestinal tract
* Foreign bodies in the gastrointestinal tract
* Diet-related issues, i.e. change in diet or intolerance to a food
* Certain medications or anaesthetics
* Heatstroke
* Car sickness
* Viral infections
* Intestinal parasites
* Pancreatitis
* Ingestion of toxic substances
* Infected uterus
* Acute kidney or liver failure
* Nausea post-operation

 

If you’re wondering when to worry about dog vomiting, make a note of any patterns or frequency in their sickness, as well as looking out for other symptoms. If in doubt, always take your dog to the vet for a full medical assessment.


3.2. Diarrhoea

Characterised by frequent loose bowel movements, there are a number of things that could be the cause of diarrhea in dogs, including:

 

* A change in their diet
* Intolerance to food
* Ingestion of spoiled foods
* Ingestion of a foreign body
* Ingestion of poisonous or toxic substances
* Bacterial or viral infection
* Allergic reaction
* Inflammatory bowel disease
* Internal parasites
* Certain medications
* Kidney or liver disease
* Colitis
* Stress
* Gastroenteritis
* Cancer/tumours of the digestive tract

 

As well as loose, liquid stools, the signs of diarrhea in dogs can also include blood or mucus in the stool, a change in the volume of stool, flatulence, straining to defecate, dehydration, lethargy, fever, weight loss, decreased appetite, and vomiting.

 

Diarrhoea can be treated at home by not giving your dog any food for around 12 to 24 hours; be sure to provide clean water though to prevent dehydration.

 

If your dog’s diarrhoea continues for more than a day, his symptoms worsen, or you notice dark-coloured or bloody stools, take him to the vet as soon as possible for a full medical assessment and diagnosis.


3.3. Inflammatory bowel disease

IBD occurs when a dog’s stomach or intestinal tract develops an unusually high level of inflammatory cells which cause changes to occur in the digestive tract lining, inhibiting the passage and absorption of food. Symptoms include your sick dog vomiting, diarrhoea that may contain blood or mucus, a general loss of appetite, weight loss, and seeming melancholy. It’s always advisable to take your dog to the vets, but if you’re looking for a home remedy, adding peppermint to your dog’s diet may help.


3.4. Constipation

If your dog is having difficulty passing stools, or his bowel movements have become infrequent or absent, it’s likely that he is suffering with constipation. Look out for dry, hard stools and signs that your dog is straining when he tries to defecate. There are a number of things that may be contributing to your dog’s constipation, including:

 

* Too little or too much fibre in the diet
* Side effect of medication
* Not enough exercise
* Blocked/abscessed anal sacs
* Too much self-grooming – hair can collect in the stool
* Matted hair around the anus caused by obesity or lack of grooming
* Enlarged prostate gland
* Ingestion of foreign objects – can get caught in intestinal tract
* Tumours on the anus/rectum causing obstruction
* Dehydration as a result of another condition
* Orthopaedic problem that causes dog pain in defecation position

 

If you notice your dog straining to defecate and he’s not had a bowel movement in a couple of days, take him to the vet as soon as possible so that the cause can be identified and the correct treatment prescribed.


3.5. Dog bloat

This is a dangerous, and even deadly, condition. It happens when a dog’s stomach fills with food, fluid, or gas, causing it to expand and put pressure on other internal organs. If left untreated it can cause dangerous problems such as difficulty breathing, a tear in the wall of the stomach, and restricted blood flow to the heart. The dog symptoms associated with bloat include:

 

* Restlessness
* Drooling
* Swollen stomach
* Pacing around
* Retching or heaving
* Looking at his stomach
* Seeming anxious
* Collapsing
* Having a rapid heartbeat
* Shortness of breath
* General weakness

 

Vets aren’t entirely sure what causes dog bloat, but things such as eating too quickly, eating from a raised bowl, only having one large meal a day, excessive running and playing after eating, overeating, and stress are thought to contribute to the condition. If you suspect your dog has bloat, get him to the vet right away for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.


Dog

 

 

3.6. Liver disease

The liver plays a vital role in the digestive system, helps with blood clotting, and helps to remove toxins from your dog’s body. The symptoms of liver problems in dogs can be similar to those for other conditions, but include:

 

* Loss of appetite
* Vomiting and/or diarrhoea
* Weight loss
* Increased thirst
* Increased urination
* Confusion
* Unstable walk
* Weakness
* Blood in the urine or faeces
* Jaundice – yellowish tongue, gums, or eyes
* Seizures
* A build up of fluid in the stomach

 

As a dog owner you may be wondering what causes liver damage in dogs. Some of the know causes include diabetes, pancreatic problems, fatty food, prolonged use of painkillers, untreated heartworm, and some plants and herbs like blue-green algae, ragwort, and certain mushrooms.

 

Treatment of liver disease in dogs depends on how soon the problem is caught and what the cause was. Changes to your dog’s diet, and the introduction of liver supplements for dogs such as milk thistle can help in milder cases. Medication and even surgery may be necessary in more advanced cases, so it’s always best to consult your vet for advice.


3.7. Tapeworm

These are tiny parasites that live inside your dog’s gut; if left untreated they can cause serious problems. There are several different types of tapeworm, but the most common one that your dog is likely to encounter is by swallowing a small infected flea which is carrying the larvae of the tapeworm.

 

Once the tapeworm is inside your dog’s gut it will attach itself to the walls where it begins to feed and grow. Tapeworm can grow as long as 28 inches; but as it grows, some of its segments will fall away and pass out through your dog’s bowel movements.

 

You may be able to see some of these segments moving near your dog’s anus or in his bedding. They can cause irritation, and your dog may drag his bottom along the floor or lick his behind excessively to soothe the irritation.

 

If you suspect your dog has a tapeworm, take him to the vets as soon as possible for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.


3.8. Anal sac disease

All dogs have two small sacs on either side of their anus which produce an oily, brown, smelly fluid that they use to mark their territory. When a dog defecates, the fluid in his anal sacs is also squeezed out; when the sacs aren’t emptied fully, problems can develop, leading to anal sac disease.

 

The fluid can become dry if not emptied out properly, and this can plug up the openings, which is known as impaction. If left untreated it may progress to an abscess or infection. Symptoms of anal sac disease include:

 

* Scooting his bottom along the floor
* Lick and/or biting of the bottom
* Constipation or pain when passing stools
* A bad smell from the bottom

 

Fortunately, an impacted anal sac is easy to treat. You can gently empty the sac gently with your fingers; your vet will show you how if you’re unsure. Alternatively, if your dog suffers with anal sac disease regularly it might be worthwhile scheduling regular visits to the vet to ensure good anal health.


3.9. Pancreatitis

Is your dog vomiting, loss of appetite, and lethargic? As a dog owner you hope it’s just a passing thing, but sometimes your dog’s symptoms could be due to pancreatitis. The pancreas helps with the digestion of food and controls blood sugar, but occasionally it can become inflamed, possibly as a side effect of medication or a reaction to a fatty meal. Symptoms include:

 

* Loss of appetite
* Vomiting
* Stomach ache
* Fever
* Diarrhoea
* Lethargy
* Dehydration
* Trouble with breathing
* Irregular heartbeat

 

If your dog is displaying any of these symptoms it’s best to take him to the vet as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment.

 

 

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4. Other Conditions


Dogs

 

 

4.1. Allergies

Just like humans, dogs can react to allergens in their environment and present with a number of different  skin, digestive, and respiratory symptoms, including:

 

* Itchy skin that may appear red, scabbed, or moist
* Itchy, weepy eyes
* Itchy ears and/or ear infections
* Itchy back and base of the tail
* Snoring due to an inflamed throat
* Sneezing
* Vomiting and diarrhoea
* Constant licking
* Swollen paws or chewing on paws

 

All dogs are prone to suffering with allergies at any time in their lives, but certain breeds seem to be more affected than others, including Retrievers, Terriers, Setters, Bulldogs, Pugs, and Boston terriers.

 

Dogs can develop digestive, respiratory, and itchy skin allergies to a number of common allergens, including:

 

* Pollen from grass, trees, and weeds
* Mould spores
* Dust and dust mites
* Feathers
* Dander
* Cleaning products
* Cigarette smoke
* Prescription medication
* Certain foods
* Certain shampoos
* Perfumes
* Fabrics
* Rubber and plastic
* Fleas and flea-control substances

 

If you notice any of the above symptoms and suspect that your dog may have an allergy to something in his environment, take him to see the vet. They'll be able to perform blood and skin tests or recommend an elimination diet in order to find out the cause of you dog's symptoms.

 

Once the cause is determined, a treatment plan can be put into place. For example, if your dog is found to be allergic to household dust, you can help to ease his symptoms by vacuuming regularly and cleaning his bedding once a week to keep dust at bay, and treat any itchiness with a specially formulated medicated shampoo.


4.2. Ear Infections

Ear issues in dogs are most commonly caused by either yeast or bacteria, but factors such as excessive hair, foreign bodies, allergies, hypothyroidism, ear mites, or excessive wax or moisture can all contribute to the development of an ear infection. The symptoms to look out for include:

 

* Scratching in or around the ear
* Unusual odour from the ear
* Discharge that is yell, brown, or bloody
* Redness and swelling
* Loss of hair around the ear
* Scabs and crust on or in the ear
* Rubbing the ear on furniture or floor
* Shaking and tilting of the head
* Loss of balance
* Walking in circles
* Loss of hearing
* Unusual eye movements

 

An ear infection usually needs to be diagnosed by a vet; so if your dog displays any of the above symptoms it's best to make an appointment as soon as possible. Ear conditions in dogs can be treated easily with a professional cleaning followed by a course of medication administered at home. As a preventative measure you could try including some echinacea in your dog's diet to bolster his immune system.


4.3. Urinary Tract Infections

There are a number of different things that could be causing lower urinary tract infections (UTI) for your dog, including:

 

* Incontinence due to hormonal or bladder issues, or excessive water consumption
* Inflammation or infection of the bladder
* Accumulation of debris, crystals, or stones in the urethra or bladder
* Congenital abnormality
* Prostate disease
* Spinal cord abnormality
* Stress
* Trauma
* Cancer

 

The most common UTI in older dogs is incontinence due to a weakened urinary sphincter muscle; and conditions like diabetes can also make dogs more prone to suffering with urinary tract problems. If your dog has a UTI he will usually display several of the following symptoms:

 

* Inability to urinate or only passing small amounts of urine
* Lack of bladder control and leaking urine
* Increase in frequency of urination and/or amount passed
* Cloudy or bloody urine
* Strong smelling urine
* Straining or experiencing pain when passing urine
* Constantly licking the urinary opening
* Drinking more water than normal
* A change in appetite
* Weight loss
* Vomiting
* Lethargy
* Fever
* Back pain

 

If you suspect that your dog may have a urinary tract infection you should take them to the vet as soon as you can for a full assessment and diagnosis. They will usually do a physical examination, checking the kidneys and bladder, perhaps taking urine and blood samples and performing an ultrasound scan. Treatment could include a course of antibiotics, increased water intake, dietary changes and supplements, or even surgery depending on the cause and severity of the condition.


4.4. Diabetes

In dogs, diabetes is either classed as Type 1 caused by insufficient insulin being produced, or Type 2 where the dog’s system has an inadequate response to the insulin produced. Either way, problems with producing and using insulin lead to elevated blood sugar levels, also known as hyperglycaemia, which can cause many health problems if left untreated. Symptoms of canine diabetes include:

 

* Increased thirst and water consumption
* Urinating more frequently
* Change in appetite
* Weight loss
* Dehydration
* Lethargy
* Unusually sweet-smelling breath
* Vomiting
* Cataracts or blindness

 

It is not known exactly what causes diabetes in dogs, but factors such as genetics, autoimmune disease, chronic pancreatitis, and obesity may play a role. If you suspect your dog has developed diabetes you should take them to see the vet who will perform several tests to determine the diagnosis, and present an appropriate treatment plan. Treatment will usually involve giving your dog insulin each day in order to regulate his blood sugar and prevent hyperglycaemia.


4.5. Arthritis

Your dog’s joints are put under a lot of strain when he runs and jumps, and this means that some dogs can end up developing arthritis and joint problems. Arthritis in dogs can be hard to spot as your dog can’t tell you he is in pain; however, some key signs to look out for include:

 

* Weight gain
* Increased sleep
* Reduced interest in playing
* Less alert than previously
* Cautious when climbing stairs

 

These subtle changes in your dog’s behaviour may be early indicators that he is suffering with the pain of arthritis. Your vet will be able to carry out a thorough assessment and provide a full diagnosis. Dog arthritis treatment may include giving your dog non steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relieving medication, as well as adding arthritis supplements to his diet, such as eucalyptus leaf, which is known for its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties.


4.6. Kennel Cough

Canine infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as kennel cough, is a common, yet not serious, condition. Similar to the common cold in humans, kennel cough can have multiple causes, but is usually caused by a virus. When dogs inhale the virus or bacteria particles into their respiratory tract, the kennel cough infection can take hold. The condition gets its name due to how easily it is spread amongst dogs in crowded and poorly ventilated condition, commonly found in kennels and shelters.

 

Symptoms typically include:

 

* A forceful and persistent cough
* Sneezing
* Runny nose
* Eye discharge
* Loss of appetite
* Decreased energy level

 

It’s not usually necessary to seek treatment for kennel cough; most dogs will recover within three weeks, but it may take older dogs or those with existing medical conditions up to six weeks to fully recover. Your vet can provide an accurate diagnosis, and you can help your dog to feel more comfortable while he recovers by adding supplements like liquorice root and dried elderberries to his diet to alleviate some of his symptoms.

 

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